VEIL

VEIL
VEIL, covering for the face. In the Bible there are several terms usually translated as veil. However, the exact connotation for these terms is not known, and they may refer to other garments used to cover the face as well. The term צָעִיף is used of Rebecca (Gen. 24:65) and Tamar (Gen. 38:14, 19). Other terms used in the Bible for veil – though the meaning is not always certain – are צַמָּה (Isa. 47:2; Song 4:1, 3; 6:7); רְדִיד (Isa. 3:23; Song 5:7) and רְעָלָה (Isa. 3:19); cf. Shab. 6:6, where Arab women are said to go out רְעוּלוֹת (veiled), which implies that Jewish women did not. The מַסְוֶה worn by Moses after descending from Mt. Sinai to screen his radiant face (Ex. 34:29–35) was some kind of mask; the leper had to cover his upper lip (Lev. 13:45), by pulling his head-cover over his face (cf. MK 24a). The Talmud has no Hebrew word for veil except the Aramaic בייכא or בייבא (BB 146a) and the Persian-Arabic פדאמי or פרמי (Shab. 66b). The word הינומא (Ket. 2:1, and 17b; TJ, ibid. 26a; cf. the Greek ὑμέαιος) describes the bridal litter (see M. Petuchowski's note in Baneth-Hoffmann etc. Mishnayot, 3 (1933), 100f.), but is interpreted by Rashi as "a veil over her (the bride's) head, let down over her eyes, as is customary in our region"; see also Ḥushi'el of Kairouan, who lived before Rashi (JOR, 11 (1898–99), 649). This custom for the bride to veil her face or, as it is done now, for the groom or the rabbi to cover her face before the marriage ceremony ("bedecken," see marriage ), goes back at least to the early Middle Ages. In 15th-century Rhineland bridal veils were part of the groom's presents to his bride (sivlonot). In the late 17th and 18th centuries communal regulations (takkanot) forbade women to wear veils of gold or spun gold with gold or pearls or even braided (Metz, 1692), to visit the synagogues unveiled (Metz, 1697), or betrothed girls to appear in public without their faces covered (Amsterdam, 1747). In Muslim countries Jewesses had sometimes to wear distinctive veils, but Tunisian Jewish brides wore gold-embroidered veils in the 19th century. In certain ḥasidic circles brides have their faces completely wrapped and covered. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Krauss, Tal Arch, 1 (1910), 189, 196; idem, Kadmoniyyot ha-Talmud, 2 pt. 2 (1945), 265f.; I. Abrahams, Jewish Life in the Middle Ages (19322), 108, 304; A. Rubens, History of Jewish Costume (1967), index; L.M. Epstein, Sex Laws and Customs in Judaism (1948), index.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • VEIL (S.) — VEIL SIMONE (1927 ) Fille d’un architecte, Simone Jacob est née à Nice. Sa vie va être complètement bouleversée par la guerre. En mars 1944 alors qu’elle est en train de passer son baccalauréat, la jeune fille qui n’a que dix sept ans est arrêtée …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Veil — (v[=a]l), n. [OE. veile, OF. veile, F. voile, L. velum a sail, covering, curtain, veil, probably fr. vehere to bear, carry, and thus originally, that which bears the ship on. See {Vehicle}, and cf. {Reveal}.] [Written also {vail}.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • veil — [vāl] n. [ME veile, veil, sail, curtain < NormFr < L vela, neut. pl., taken as fem., of velum, sail, cloth, curtain < IE base * weg , to weave, attach, a textile > OIr figim, I weave, OE wecca, wick] 1. a piece of light fabric, as of… …   English World dictionary

  • veil — ► NOUN 1) a piece of fine material worn to protect or conceal the face. 2) a piece of fabric forming part of a nun s headdress, resting on the head and shoulders. 3) a thing that conceals, disguises, or obscures. ► VERB 1) cover with or as if… …   English terms dictionary

  • Veil — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Hans Jürgen Veil (* 1946), deutscher Ringer Rüdiger Veil (* 1966), deutscher Rechtswissenschaftler Simone Veil (* 1927), französische Ministerin, Europapolitikerin und Parlamentspräsidentin Theodor Veil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Veil — Veil, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Veiled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Veiling}.] [Cf. OF. veler, F. voiler, L. velarc. See {Veil}, n.] [Written also {vail}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To throw a veil over; to cover with a veil. [1913 Webster] Her face was veiled; yet to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • veil — I noun camouflage, cloak, cloud, concealment, cover, covering, curtain, guise, involucrum, integumentum, mantle, mask, pall, protection, screen, shade, shelter, shield, shroud, visor, vizard associated concepts: pierce the corporate veil II in …   Law dictionary

  • veil — [n] disguise blind, cloak, coloring, cover, curtain, facade, false front, film, front, guise, mantilla, mask, screen, shade, shroud, veiling; concepts 451,673 veil [v] hide beard*, blanket, camouflage, cloak, conceal, cover, cover up, curtain*,… …   New thesaurus

  • veil — of appearance …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Veil —   [vɛj], Simone Annie, französische Politikerin, * Nizza 13. 7. 1927; Juristin; 1944 45 in den KZ Auschwitz und Bergen Belsen inhaftiert; ab 1957 im Justizministerium tätig, 1970 74 als erste Frau Generalsekretärin des Conseil Supérieur de la… …   Universal-Lexikon

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